Kaine Leads Colleagues in Letter Urging Senate Leadership to Invest In Educator Workforce
Senators: “The American Families Plan presents an opportunity for Congress to help close equity gaps in student access to a well-prepared, diverse, supported, and stable educator workforce.”
WASHINGTON, D.C. —U.S. Senator Tim Kaine, a member of the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee, led 13 of his colleagues in a letter to Senate leadership urging them to invest in a well-prepared, diverse, supported, and stable educator workforce in upcoming physical and human infrastructure legislation. The letter is aligned with the educator pipeline investments outlined in President Biden’s American Families Plan. The letter makes the request to Majority Leader Schumer and Leader McConnell, who are making key decisions on the details of human infrastructure legislation.
“The United States has invested far less than other countries in the educator workforce, providing little support for training, mentoring, and professional learning. As a result, even before the pandemic, teacher shortages were widespread, with more than 100,000 classrooms staffed by substitutes or teachers without training, and high teacher attrition rates, especially in schools serving children in poverty. Moreover, nearly every state reported shortages of teachers in high-need subjects like special education, math, science, and English language instruction,” wrote the Senators.
“Decades of data have made clear that students of color and students from families experiencing low incomes lack equitable access to a well-prepared, diverse, supported, and stable educator workforce. We urge you to seize this moment and invest in the most important in-school factor to student learning – educators – by including a $9 billion investment in a well-prepared, diverse, supported, and stable educator workforce in an infrastructure package,” the Senators concluded.
The latest Virginia Department of Education report on teacher shortages shows that there were more than 1,000 unfilled teaching positions across Virginia before the COVID-19 pandemic. Data from the U.S. Department of Education shows that nationally, an overwhelming majority of states report teacher shortages in mathematics, science, and special education for the 2020-21 school year. Some persisting factors that contribute to teacher shortages include a lack of qualified applicants and not enough support for advanced training.
Kaine has long supported efforts to bolster workforce development in education. In June, Kaine reintroduced the bipartisan Preparing and Retaining Education Professionals (PREP) Act to address teacher and principal shortages, particularly in rural communities, and increase teacher diversity.
The letter is also signed by Senators Ben Ray Luján (D-NM), Angus King (I-ME), Tina Smith (D-MN), Chris Van Hollen (D-MD), Ben Cardin (D-MD), Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), Cory Booker (D-NJ), Brian Schatz (D-HI), Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), Mazie Hirono (D-HI), Alex Padilla (D-CA), Richard Blumenthal (D-CT), and Reverend Raphael Warnock (D-GA).
A copy of the letter can be found here and below:
Dear Majority Leader Schumer and Leader McConnell,
As you work to craft legislation that will improve our country’s physical and human infrastructure, we write to strongly urge to include a $9 billion investment in a well-prepared, diverse, supported, and stable educator workforce, as outlined in President Biden’s American Families Plan.
Research on high-performing countries has demonstrated that at the center of a strong education system is a well-prepared, skilled, stable, supported, and diverse educator workforce. The United States has invested far less than other countries in the educator workforce, providing little support for training, mentoring, and professional learning. As a result, even before the pandemic, teacher shortages were widespread, with more than 100,000 classrooms staffed by substitutes or teachers without training, and high teacher attrition rates, especially in schools serving children in poverty. Moreover, nearly every state reported shortages of teachers in high-need subjects like special education, math, science, and English language instruction. Further, our country’s rich diversity, where people of color are 40 percent of our population and more than half of our public school students, is not reflected in our educator workforce where only 20 percent of teachers are people of color.
Students of color, low-income students, students with disabilities, and other historically underserved students bear the brunt of these inequities. Research shows that schools with high enrollment of students of color are four times as likely to employ uncertified teachers as schools with low enrollment of students of color. Similarly, schools with high enrollment of students of color have less experienced teachers, with one in every six teachers at the beginning of their career, compared to one in every 10 teachers in schools with low enrollment of students of color. In Title I schools, teacher turnover is nearly 50 percent greater than in non-Title I schools. In high-need subjects like math and science, teacher turnover rates are nearly 70 percent greater in Title I schools than in non-Title I schools.
These inequities have many causes. They include a disproportionate concentration of teachers lacking thorough preparation in high-need schools, many of whom bypass comprehensive preparation because of its costs. Teachers who enter the profession through less comprehensive pathways are two to three times more likely to leave their schools than those who had comprehensive preparation. Moreover, due to structural inequities, including inequitable college affordability barriers, teachers of color are more likely to be placed in the situation of entering the profession through less comprehensive pathways than white teachers. Additionally, under resourced schools are often unable to offer competitive salaries to retain experienced teachers who can support student achievement and can support novice teachers, leaving these schools with a disproportionate concentration of beginning teachers still struggling to learn their craft. Further, these schools—which face shortages of fully certified teachers—often lack funding to support teachers in obtaining certifications in shortage areas and those that reflect advanced expertise, like National Board Certification, which are associated with increased academic achievement. Finally, many seasoned and effective teachers can support beginning teachers in becoming stronger but lack leadership opportunities to do so.
The American Families Plan presents an opportunity for Congress to help close equity gaps in student access to a well-prepared, diverse, supported, and stable educator workforce. As such, we urge Congress to provide $9 billion over ten years to close these opportunity gaps in the following ways:
- Invest $2.8 billion in comprehensive preparation programs through the Teacher Quality Partnership Grant Program (TQP).This investment should support teacher residency programs and Grow Your Own (GYO) programs. Teacher residency programs are high retention and diverse pathways into teaching that prepare prospective teachers to serve in high-need schools and subjects. Teacher candidates work as paid apprentices alongside expert teachers while completing tightly aligned and integrated coursework. By leveraging teacher candidates’ existing connections to the communities they plan to teach in, GYO programs are another effective strategy to recruit and retain well-prepared and diverse teachers. Finally, it is important to note that TQP has been chronically underfunded. Over the past decade, there has been a cumulative gap of over $2.5 billion between TQP’s authorization and funding levels.
- Provide $400 million to the Augustus F. Hawkins Centers of Excellence. Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), tribal colleges and universities (TCUs), and other minority-serving institutions (MSIs) are a long-standing source of well-prepared and diverse educators. For example, despite making up just 3 percent of institutions of higher education, HBCUs prepare 50 percent of the nation’s Black teachers. Despite HBCUs’, MSIs’, and TCUs’ integral role in supporting student access to well-prepared and diverse teachers, the only federal program designed to specifically support comprehensive teacher preparation at these institutions has never been funded since it was authorized in the bipartisan reauthorization of the Higher Education Act in 2008.
- Allocate $900 million to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part D’s personnel preparation program. In the 2017-2018 school year alone, nearly every state reported shortages of teachers in high need subjects and fields, including special education. Further, special education teacher turnover rates are 80 percent higher in schools with the greatest concentration of students of color than in those with the lowest. Sustained investments of this level in IDEA Part D’s personnel preparation program would help grow programs that prepare specialized instructional support personnel, teachers of students with disabilities, early educators, and the higher education faculty and researchers that support their preparation. Further, with many grantees dedicating 65 percent of grant funds to student financial support, this investment can help lower affordability barriers for prospective educators, including prospective educators of color.
In addition to these specific investments, we encourage you to consider increasing aid to educators in exchange for teaching high-need subjects in high-need schools so future educators have access to affordable comprehensive education preparation at institutions of higher education. Today, two-thirds of those entering the education field must take out loans to afford their higher education, resulting in an average debt of $20,000 for those with bachelor’s degrees and $50,000 for those with master’s degrees. Due to systemic inequities, the cost of comprehensive preparation and student loan debt are higher barriers to entering and staying in the education profession for people of color. Fortunately, research shows that service scholarships that underwrite all or most of the cost of comprehensive preparation and are well-administered are effective at attracting and retaining teachers that serve in high-need areas. Further, in the past, budget reconciliation has been used to create service scholarships for teachers.
Congress should also consider providing dedicated funding to increase student access to certified, experienced, effective, and empowered teachers. Students of color and low-income students are more likely to be taught by uncertified and inexperienced teachers than white students. The cost of earning certifications in shortage fields and those that reflect advanced expertise are a barrier for some teachers’ efforts to complete preparation programs in these and other areas. Dedicated financial support provided to states to support the attainment of certifications in high-need subjects would ultimately enable stronger teaching for students who are otherwise taught in larger classes or by substitutes and teachers hired without preparation. Likewise, financial support for advanced certifications like National Board Certification would provide more students with greater access to teachers who have demonstrated effectiveness in increasing student achievement and who can also support novice teachers in becoming more effective. Finally, seasoned and effective teachers have the background and skills to support their colleagues but often lack access to formal opportunity to serve as leaders. Congress should also consider providing additional funding to support states and districts in providing teachers the ability to serve as leaders through opportunities like high-quality teacher mentorship programs, which research shows supports teacher retention and improves student outcomes.
Decades of data have made clear that students of color and students from families experiencing low incomes lack equitable access to a well-prepared, diverse, supported, and stable educator workforce. We urge you to seize this moment and invest in the most important in-school factor to student learning – educators – by including a $9 billion investment in a well-prepared, diverse, supported, and stable educator workforce in an infrastructure package.